ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND BIODIVERSITY
Among the principles of organic methods, biodiversity is fundamental for agriculture and food production because it is through diversity that connections and interactions between species are activated, creating dynamic, productive, and sustainable agro-ecosystems.
In organic farming, synthetic chemical products are not used precisely to protect the health of the soil, ecosystems, and people. Each link in the chain of organic product production is designed to maintain and, where possible, increase the diversity of plants and animals. Most of the employed agronomic practices have a positive impact on biodiversity.
The correct application of organic farming methods is in itself a tool for conserving both natural and rural biodiversity:
- The use of organic fertilizers and the prohibition of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers increase soil biodiversity and enhance the concentration of microorganisms living in the soil.
- Crop rotation, with appropriate variety selection, enhances genetic and specific biodiversity.
- Choosing local varieties and indigenous breeds helps maintain and safeguard biodiversity and the unique characteristics of different territorial areas.
- Introducing natural enemies of pests (biological control) rather than using phytosanitary products helps in not reducing the presence of useful organisms and microorganisms.